Dialysis and Kidney Failure
by Christina Maldonado ‘19 Derek Curley ‘19
Kidney failure can only occur when by kidneys are diseased or damaged. If only one kidney is diseased or damaged, it can be removed or a transplant may be necessary. Renal causes of kidney failure consist of sepsis and medication. Chronic glomerulonephritis, poorly controlled diabetes and blood pressure are the most commonly related causes; less common causes are prostate disease, kidney stone, and reflux nephropathy. Kidney failure is diagnosed by blood test, urine test, or other tests such as kidney biopsy and abdominal ultrasound.
Dialysis is a treatment for people who suffer or have suffered from kidney failure. Dialysis is a process for removing waste, salt and excess water from the blood. Dialysis also helps blood pressure. Dialysis is only used when you lose 85 to 90 percent of kidney function. There are two main types of dialysis, Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is when an artificial kidney, a hemodialyzer, is placed inside the person and it will function like a regular kidney by removing waste and chemicals. Peritoneal Dialysis is when your blood is cleaned inside of your body. A catheter is placed in the abdomen and will have dialysate which cleans the blood. During the cleansing of the blood, excess fluid and waste are drawn out the same tube. In conclusion, dialysis is a treatment for people whose kidneys have or are failing.
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